Posts for category: Foot Condition
What is Sesamoiditis?
Sesamoids are small bones that are only connected to tendons or surrounded in muscle. This only appears in a few places in the body, one of which is the foot. Two very tiny sesamoids are found in the underside of the foot near the big toe. One is on the outer side of the foot and the other bone is close to the middle of the foot. This structure provides a smooth surface for the tendons to slide over, which helps the tendons move muscles. They help with weight bearing and also help to elevate the bones of the big toe. So now that you know what sesamoids are, you might be wondering what sesamoiditis is and what its symptoms are.
Just like any other bone, sesamoids can unfortunately fracture. The tendons surrounding the sesamoids may also become irritated or inflamed and this is what sesamoiditis is. Sesamoiditis is also a form of tendonitis and is a common condition among ballerinas, runners, and baseball catchers due to the pressure that is constantly placed on their feet.
Symptoms of Sesamoiditis
Symptoms of Sesamoiditis may include:
- Pain under the big toe or ball of the foot
- Swelling and/or bruising
- Difficulty in bending and straightening the big toe
- Resting and stopping any activity that could be causing pain and inflammation
- Anti-inflammatories, such as ibuprofen and aspirin only after consulting your physician
- Icing the sole of the foot
- Wearing soft-soled and low-heeled shoes
- Cushioning inserts in the shoes
If symptoms persist after treatments, you may need to wear a removable brace for 4-6 weeks to help the bones heal. Call your podiatrist today to ask any questions about sesamoiditis and get on your way to pain-free feet once again!
Are you experiencing numbness, tingling, or discolorations in your feet?
Even though poor circulation isn’t a condition, if you are experiencing poor circulation in your feet this is often a symptom of a much larger issue. This is why it’s important to understand the warning signs of poor circulation and when to see a podiatrist, as many of these conditions can be serious or cause further complications to your health.
Causes of Poor Circulation
There are many reasons why someone may have poor circulation. The most common conditions include:
1. Peripheral artery disease (PAD)
This causes poor circulation in the legs due to a narrowing in the arteries and blood vessels. Over time this condition can cause damage to nerves or tissue. While this condition can occur in younger people, particularly smokers, it’s more common for people over 50 years old to develop PAD.
2. Blood Clots
A blood clot causes a block or restriction in blood flow and can develop anywhere in the body. The most common places for a blood clot include the arms or the legs, which can lead to symptoms of poor circulation. In some cases, a blood clot can cause serious complications such as a stroke.
While this condition does affect blood sugar levels, it is also known to affect circulation within the body. Those with circulation issues may experience cramping in the legs that may get worse when you are active. Those with diabetic neuropathy may experience nerve damage in the legs and feet, as well as numbness or tingling.
4. Raynaud’s Disease
A less common condition, Raynaud’s disease causes chronic cold fingers and feet due to the narrowing of the arteries in the hands and toes. Since these arteries are narrow it’s more difficult for blood to flow to these areas, leading to poor circulation. Of course, you may experience these symptoms in other parts of the body besides your toes or fingers, such as your nose, ears, or lips.
Warning Signs of Poor Circulation
You may be experiencing poor circulation in your feet if you are experiencing these symptoms:
- Pain that may radiate into the limbs
- Tingling (a “pins and needles” sensation)
- Muscle cramping
If you are experiencing symptoms of poor circulation that don’t go away it’s best to play it safe rather than sorry and turn to a podiatric specialist who can provide a proper diagnosis and determine the best approach for improving circulation. Don’t ignore this issue.
Osteochondritis isn’t a condition that most people have heard of and probably won’t unless their podiatrist diagnoses them with it. Osteochondritis is characterized by lesions that develop as a result of injury or death to the bone that lies under the cartilage of a joint. It’s common for the ankle joint to be affected by osteochondritis.
This condition is most often seen in children and teens, especially if they are athletes or participate in high-impact activities. Osteochondritis symptoms may appear immediately after the joint injury or may surface months afterward.
Common symptoms of osteochondritis in the ankle joint include:
- Pain and stiffness
- Tenderness and swelling around the ankle
- A popping or clicking sound in the joint
- Ankle instability (feeling
- as if the ankle might give out)
- Loss of joint flexibility and range-of-motion
If you or your little one is dealing with ankle joint pain or any of these other symptoms, particularly after an injury, it is important that you see a podiatrist who will be able to diagnose and treat the condition as soon as possible.
When you come in for care, a podiatrist will perform a physical exam and ask you questions about the symptoms you are experiencing. During your physical exam your doctor may ask you to move the ankle around in order to check your range of motion.
In some cases, imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs are needed to check the extent of the damage and to provide more comprehensive images of the tissue, joints, bone, and cartilage of the ankle. Remember, these symptoms can also be indicative of other problems, and these imaging tests can rule out other issues and provide a definite diagnosis.
The main goal of osteochondritis treatment is to reduce pain and other symptoms while also improving how the ankle joint functions. Since those with osteochondritis are also at an increased risk for developing osteoarthritis later on, we will also recommend specific ways to reduce this risk.
In most cases, resting and avoiding activities that could exacerbate your condition is imperative to healing. If the damage is serious enough, a foot doctor may recommend wearing a cast or brace for a few weeks to provide additional support and protection for the affected ankle joint.
Physical therapy may also be prescribed to improve the health of the joint while also strengthening the muscles, ligaments, cartilage and other soft tissues surrounding the joint. These stretching and strengthening exercises will improve range of motion and flexibility in the joint and gradually restore function.
If you suspect that you or your child’s symptoms are due to osteochondritis, it is important that you schedule an evaluation with a foot care expert as soon as possible.
It can be pretty embarrassing to take your shoes off and feel like you left a puddle of sweat behind. How can feet be this sweaty? If this scenario sounds like you, then chances are good that you may be wondering what could be going on to cause this awkward issue.
If you have extremely sweating feet then you could be dealing with a condition known as hyperhidrosis. This is something that can happen to anyone but tends to be more common in younger adults. If you have hyperhidrosis of the feet you may also find that the palms of your hands sweat more than most.
Why is this happening to you? Unfortunately, it can be a bit tricky to determine why this is happening to you. Perhaps this is something that runs in your family (thanks, mom!). It’s hard to tell, but those with true hyperhidrosis will experience sweaty feet all the time, not just when it’s hot or humid out.
So, what constitutes hyperhidrosis? Besides the obvious extreme sweating, you may also notice that your feet slip and move around in your shoes more. You may be more prone to embarrassing foot odors or even infections. If you have diabetes and are dealing with any foot problems, even seemingly innocuous ones like sweaty feet, it’s still important that you visit a podiatrist to help you manage your symptoms and to prevent complications.
There are some at-home measures you can take to reduce sweaty feet symptoms. Make sure to thoroughly wash your feet everyday and dry them completely. Once feet are dry, you can apply a talcum or antifungal powder onto your feet and your shoes to prevent infections and to reduce sweat. It’s also a good idea to wear socks that are breathable and wick away sweat and moisture from your feet. If you aren’t sure what kinds of shoes and socks to wear, you can always turn to a foot doctor for advice.
If you are dealing with severely sweaty feet or you aren’t able to handle the issue on your own then it’s time you turned to a podiatrist for some answers. While a lot of people can find easy ways to manage their symptoms and reduce perspiration, it’s not always easy for everyone. Call your foot doctor today.
If you’ve recently exposed extremities to the harsh cold elements then you may be dealing with itching, swelling skin on the fingers and toes. This itchy manifestation is known as chilblains, and it’s a common bodily response to cold (particularly in regions that experience colder, damper weather).
Chilblains often show up in just a few hours after being exposed to the cold. Skin may even start to turn red or blue. The skin usually burns or itches. You may find that the minute you walk into the warmth or heat that these sensations get worse. If you have a really bad case of chilblains then the skin may even crack open or blister.
While scratching the skin may feel good at the moment it’s really important that you do not scratch the skin, as the skin is more susceptible to cracking or breaking open and becoming infected. There are some people who are more at risk for developing chilblains such as:
- Living in areas with cold weather
- Being underweight
- Having poor circulation
- Certain immune conditions (e.g. lupus)
While this condition may sound rather concerning or serious, most people won’t actually need to visit a podiatry or specialist for their chilblains. In most cases, this condition will clear up within a few weeks and shouldn’t cause any complications. However, there are some situations that may warrant visiting a podiatrist. If your symptoms don’t go away within a few weeks, or if the itching and swelling are severe, then it’s time to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Medication may be necessary to improve circulation in your feet.
It’s also important to be aware of symptoms of an infection such as a high fever, malaise, swollen lymph nodes and pus in the affected toes. If you notice any of these symptoms call your foot doctor right away.
Otherwise, you can typically manage your symptoms on your own from the comfort of your own home. Look for lotions and creams that may relieve itching (if you aren’t sure, ask your podiatrist for recommendations). You can also prevent or reduce your chances of developing chilblains by avoiding the cold as much as possible, providing your feet with ample protection or taking measures to improve poor circulation.
While it might seem tempting to immediately place feet into hot water or near a fireplace after being in the cold, such extreme temperature changes are what can cause this problem to occur. Warming the areas up gradually is always your safest bet. If in doubt, talk to your podiatrist about ways to protect yourself.